Infrastructure – why it matters, how it is changing and disruption

I’m travelling all day today by trains and ferry so I’ll wind back the clock to Sunday where I spent the day with Johan and his family with some incredible hospitality in rural Sweden which gave me a wonderful insight into Swedish life.  I meet Johan in the US – one of those chance travel encounters.  Here’s a lake we visited, it’s hard to believe that it ices over in winter so people can skate to work across the lake or drive a tractor on it.

IMG_0960

Sweden and NZ have a lot in common as smaller counties who value quality of life  There’s some differences in how that is achieved – like much of EU there are subsidies to farmers (tech geeks check out open data), restrictions on alcohol (can only by 3.5% alcohol in supermarkets and use a state owned monopoly for other alcohol) and higher taxes.  On the flipside there is free tertiary education, efficient public transport and cycling/walking and a diversified export economy.

Kommuninvest

Johan works at Kommunivest, which finances infrastructure development and investments of the Swedish local authorities and regions (very similar to NZ Local Government Funding Authority, which was based off Scandinavian models).

Kommuninvest was started by nine authorities in the mid-1980’s and now has a Aaa credit rating and the ability to source lower funding from all over the world.  Interesting times here with it costing you to keep money in the bank.  As I’ve mentioned previously, NZ simply doesn’t have the history in certain activities that other countries do – which is a limitation and opportunity.

So how is all this relevant to economic development and locations of any size?

Infrastructure

Infrastructure is often perceived as a boring subject but in many ways it is the most important because it sets the platform for everything else in society.  As Joe from the World Bank would say “Infrastructure is now the price of entry” for economies, and underinvestment either exits you from the game or makes you irrelevant.  What will the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) do to further unleash economics in Asia?  The worst thing will be to sit still, which will be hard for some people as NZ continues to bridge the infrastructure deficit and keep up with the new pace of first world infrastructure.

What is infrastructure anyway? 

The nature of infrastructure is changing – Wifi has come from nowhere and is now an absolute necessity with people consuming and transacting online…how often do we see locations through the eyes of tourists?   Digital and data infrastructure is probably one of the least recognised but critical going forward.

What would disruption look like?

Taking this a step further, how long until we see disruption in more traditional sectors?  Will infrastructure be funded differently – crowdsourcing?  How long until the banking sector undergoes a disruption Uber or Skype style?  What will self driving cars to do insurance companies revenues from premiums and will peer to peer insurance become mainstream?

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